Crew (or rowing) at Columbia consists of three distinct teams:
- Men's Heavyweight Rowing Team
- Men's Lightweight Rowing Team (founded in 1922)
- Women's Rowing Team (founded in 1986)
Crew was Columbia's first intercollegiate sport.
Crew has a long history at Columbia, with men's team originally being founded in 1873. In 1878 the "Columbia College Boat Club" became the first non-English team to win a race at the Henley Royal Regatta. The team last won a US national championship in 1929.
Columbia rowers won the Visitor's Challenge Cup at the prestigious Henley Royal Regatta on the Thames in 1878, the first time a non-English team had won a race on English waters.